Journal of Korean Geriatric Psychiatry


pISSN 1226-6329 / eISSN 2733-4600


대한노인정신의학회 (27권2호 71-77)

Effects of Group Reminiscence Therapy Based on Korean Traditional Play for Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia Patients

한국 민속놀이를 활용한 그룹 회상치료의 개발 및 효과 검증 연구 - 지역사회 경도인지장애 및 치매 환자 대상 그룹 인지중재치료

Woo Youn Jung, MD, Seul Gi Koo, MS, OT, Young Ju Kim, MS, OT, Seong-A Lee, PhD, OT, Hyu Seok Jeong, MD, Do Hyun Kim, MD, PhD, Kyung Min Kim, MD, PhD, Jung Jae Lee, MD, PhD, and Seok Bum Lee, MD, PhD

Department of Psychiatry, Dankook University Hospital, Cheonan, Dementia Business, Management Team, National Medical Center, Seoul, Chungnam Provincial Dementia Center (CUPID), Cheonan, Department of Occupational Therapy, Soonchunhyang University, Asan, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea


Objective: This study explored the efficacy of group reminiscence therapy, incorporating traditional plays, for individuals
with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia patients.
Methods: We provided 10 sessions of group reminiscence therapy to 25 MCI and dementia patients. We conducted assessments, both before and after the program, encompassing a range of tests, namely the Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE),
Dysexecutive Questionnaire, Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI-K), Dementia Care Assessment Packet-Instrumental Activities of Daily
Living, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-K), and Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI-K).
Results: Following the program, there was a significant improvement in MMSE scores for MCI patients (19.17 to 22.33,
p=0.027). There was a significant improvement in NPI-K scores for dementia patients (8.05 to 3.74, p=0.006). There was a significant improvement in GDS-K scores for MCI patients (17.00 to 14.00, p=0.043). There was a significant improvement in ZBIK scores for dementia (28.53 to 17.68, p=0.001) and MCI patients (29.17 to 16.33, p=0.046).
Conclusion: Our study suggested that group reminiscence therapy based on traditional play might be effective in global cognition of MCI patients, neuropsychological symptoms of dementia patients, depression of MCI patients, and caregiver burden of
all subjects.


Keywords: Dementia; Mild cognitive impairment; Reminiscence therapy; Traditional play.